Study Within A Review (SWAR)

Study Within A Review.

Study Within A Review
Study Within A Review

Systematic Evidence Based Healthcare; Study Within A Review

Describe a particular challenge or aspect of the conduct of a systematic review and present either their way of dealing with this or the approach that they would take to deal with it.

-one or both of the assignments can take the form of the outline for a SWAR (Study Within A Review), in which the particular challenge and a possible solution to it would be presented using the SWAR template, outlining the design of a study that could provide evidence to resolve the challenge.

-This outline would include information on;

  • the background to the SWAR,
  • its objective,
  • the area of the study to be investigated,
  • any interventions or actions that would be compared (and the method for allocating to different interventions or actions),
  • the outcome measures to determine the effects of the interventions or actions and
  • how these would be analysed, and any possible problems in implementing this SWAR.
  1. Is the question/issue to be addressed clearly described?
  2. Is an appropriate technique chosen to address this question/issue?
  3. Are alternative techniques, and the reasons for not using them, clearly described?
  4. Have they identified potential sources of information and/or relevant information adequately?
  5. Is their answer to the question (or their reason for not being able to answer it at this time) clear?

Question Objective

Determining eligibility criteria- decide the types of participants who are eligible for your review

-decide on the types of intervention that are eligible for your review

-decide the types of outcome measure that should be reported in your review

-prepare a summary describing the types of participants, interventions, outcome measures and study design that would be eligible for your review background

Interventions and compactors

Method for allocating to intervention or compactor

Data Extraction-

discuss the rationale for obtaining complete data for review

Discuss the data extraction for some review;
  • Appraise a data extraction form
  • Outcome measures
  • Analysis plans
  • Possible problems implementing


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Four-Source Essay Paper Writing

Four-Source Essay.

Four-Source Essay
Four-Source Essay

The four-source essay asks you to synthesize the arguments of four sources.

  • Length:

Minimum of 1000 words. The instructor will give you comments on the first draft and let you know if you need more development beyond 1000 words.

  • Format:


  • Sources

Four sources, all of which you will find through library searches. You will select a topic of your choice, conduct searches in the library databases, focus the topic, and determine four sources to use in this essay.

o Please use only four sources. Please do not incorporate more than four sources into this essay.

Articles to Use for the Essay

For this essay, you will select four articles on a topic of your choice. The articles should be on the same topic but feature different perspectives, opinions, or conclusions about some aspects of the topic.

For example, if you are majoring in cyber security, you might locate four articles about the need for improved training for employees on mobile security issues.

The four articles might take different angles on the topic, perhaps even disagreeing in some respects.

To use another example, if you are majoring in criminal justice, you might locate four articles on the CSI Effect. The articles should take different perspectives on the topic.

Perhaps one or two of them say that the CSI Effect exists and one or two say that it does not exist. Or perhaps all agree that it exists but they all take slightly different approaches to addressing the problem.

Organization for this Essay

You will write an introductory paragraph with a thesis statement. Your thesis statement will demonstrate what the various sources say on the topic.

You might use the Forrest Gump exercise as an example, although keep in mind that that essay was written in a less formal style than you want to use for this assignment.

You will also have various body paragraphs that show synthesis. In synthesizing sources, you will divide your paper into themes.

For example, let us assume that you find four articles on the need for improved training for employees on mobile security issues.

In this situation, assume that the four articles emphasize different issues. One emphasizes the costs of data breaches to companies.

Another emphasizes reasons that employees do not practice safe cyber security practices. Another discusses methods for training employees. Another mentions costs of training for such initiatives.

You might divide the paper into two categories:
  • Reasons for implementing a training program
  • Methods of and costs involved in implementing a training program
Point of view

For this essay, you will use third-person point of view. Please do not use first person point of view (e.g., “I,” “me,” “we”) in writing this essay.

In addition, please do not use second-person point of view (“you” or “your”) in writing this essay.

For example, instead of “Smith argues that, as a director, you have a duty to coordinate cyber security efforts…” you would write, “Smith argues that directors have a duty to coordinate cyber security efforts…”

APA Style

The paper should be formatted in APA style. The video How to format your paper according to APA style might be helpful to watch.

In summary, you should observe the following:
  • Use one-inch margins.
  • Double space.
  • Use size 12 Times New Roman font.
  • Include a running head.
  • Include page numbers.
  • Include a title page.
  • Include a “References” page on which you list the four articles in APA style
  • Do not include an abstract. This paper is not long enough to warrant an abstract.
Submitting the assignment:

You will submit a first draft of the essay to the assignment folder. The first draft will not be graded. The instructor will provide comments to it.

After receiving comments from the instructor, you will submit a revised draft. The final draft will be graded.

Helpful Resources
  • Kennedy, M.L. and Kennedy, W., “Synthesis,” from Writing in the disciplines: A reader and rhetoric for academic writers.

This chapter in in the e-reserves of our class provides an excellent description of an exploratory synthesis essay, a literature review, and a thesis-driven synthesis essay.

  • Graff, G. and Birkenstein, C., They Say / I Say: The Moves that Matter in Academic Writing with Readings.

This chapter in in the e-reserves of our class mentions various techniques to apply in stating what an author said and your response to the author.

It is recommended that you read through that chapter so that you might apply these techniques to this essay.

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